- 1 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera A
- 2 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera B
- 3 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera C
- 4 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera D
- 5 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera E
- 6 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera F
- 7 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera G
- 8 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera H
- 9 Glossario sugli strumenti e le armi da taglio – Lettera I
- 10 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera J
- 11 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera K
- 12 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera L
- 13 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera M
- 14 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera N
- 15 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera O
- 16 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera P
- 17 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera Q
- 18 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera R
- 19 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera S
- 20 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera T
- 21 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera V
- 22 Glossario sugli strumenti e le armi da taglio – Lettera W
- 23 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera X
- 24 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera Y
- 25 Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera Z
Glossary of cutting weapons and tools.
This is a reference glossary on the widely used cutting tools and weapons and where some basic nomenclatures of the knife and knives and typical cut weapons are listed.
The knife is a tool that has crossed and continues to go through the history of humanity by refining or if we want to say “sharpening” its intrinsic characteristics as a tool of work or as a weapon.
The technological and technical evolution on this seemingly simple tool but that hides within it a vast variety linked to its use and purpose of use.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera A
Abbasi – Rajput’s version of the Indian long sword with blade reinforced by perforated metal ribbons. The Abbasai Talwar is a saber from Punjab.
Accept – Small dark very much in use in Central and Eastern Europe in 1500-1600. [vedi anche “scure”]
Accept to the Sicilian – The Sicilian accept is very well worked and was ceremonial weapon in 1600-1700.
Achico – Type of bolas with three balls.
Acinaces (better Akinakes) – Short Persian Sword (500 a. Cr.) originally from the Scythians.
Aclys – Short Roman javelin.
Adarga – Weapon believed to have been used by the Arabs in the 1400s; it was formed by a shield with a blade perpendicular to it and the handle formed by two opposing spears.
Sharpening : Last phase of refinement of the cut and the thread, usually manual, which follows the rolling and which gives the blade wire the maximum scissorie capabilities.
Agny Astra – Species of incendiary rocket launched from a bamboo tube, in use at the ancient Hindus.
Ahir – Short curved sword of the Mahratta.
Ahlspiess – Quadrellone with a large stop disc at the base of the iron; german in 1400.
Aikuki (or Kusungobu) – Japanese knife without a guard with a blade 0.95 feet long (about 27.5 cm). The name Kusungobu means 0.95. Used in the seppuku ceremony.
Alabardin – Alabarda of small size used as a sign and rank of non-commissioned officers (1700).
Alamani – Indian saber similar to the sabre of the German Ussars.
Alfange – Spanish saber similar to khanjar.
Albacete – Basque serramanic knife, variant of navaja.
Alighiero – A marine tool that can also be used as an auction weapon; now called “half sailor.”
Alluminia: Obtained in the laboratory for calcification of aluminum hydroxide, it is used in fine powder to remove very light rust formations from the blades.
Aluminium: Mineral widely used in the form of alloys in the automotive, naval and aviation industries, etc. Knife handles are also built with it.
Alpacca: Copper alloy (50), nickel (20), and zinc (30) used in cutlery and cutlery.
Ama Goi Ken – Short Japanese sword with blade of about 33 cm double-edged in use in temples. The image of the rain dragon (Amakurikara) is engraved.
Ambalang – Sumatran slingshot.
Amentum – In Greek Ankulé was the rope fixed to the Roman javelin and used to throw it; it is similar solution in the Gunep of New Caledonia that has the advantage of moving away from the javelin stem at launch. Distances of more than 200 meters are reached.
Amera – The thruster, prehistoric tool to launch spears and javelins. Also known as Woomera (Australia), Atlatl (Mexico, Aztecs), Queske, (Columbia), etc.
Amusette – Small-caliber artillery (20-30 mm with a 0.5-1 pound projectile)) on the scale, apparently invented by Marshal French de Saxe and used during the French Revolution. Light, it could be transported very quickly by only two minions, even on mountain trails, and could fire up to three shots per minute.
Anelace – [vedi “cinquedea”]
Sharpening angle : Angle resulting from the meeting of two ideal lines: one passing through the blade plane with the one passing through the sharpening surface.
Cutting angle: Angle resulting from the encounter of two ideal lines: a passer-by in the blade plane with the passer in the top of the roasting band.
Angone – Javelin with short rod and long iron in use by franks.
Ankus (or Ancus, Fursi, Gusbar, Hendoo) – It is not a weapon but the sting used by the elephant handler in India; 40-100 cm long.
Aobie – Short Japanese bamboo sword.
APPLEGATE-FAIRBAIRN: After the death of Captain Sykes, Captain Fairbairn, not completely satisfied with the performance of the famous Fairbairn-Sikes combat stiletto adopted by Anglo-American troops during World War II, I’m going to draft a project for a new combat dagger to improve the old F.S. From his collaboration with Colonel Rex Applegate, a new model of pure combat dagger was born, but only on paper. Just 35 years after its design Applegate was able to make the transformation from prototype on paper to real model.
Aries (or Batterig ram, belier) – Siege machina to break through walls or doors.
Arms in Auction – Lanzichenecchi’s Spit, 1550; Picca, 1660; Lance, 1500; Hunting spit, 1600; Firethrow, 1700; Falcione, 1550; Partisan, 1600; Alabarda, 1520; Alabarda, 1650; Roncone, 1650; Mazzapicchio, 1500; Berdic.
ARKANS (PIETRA OF): Until the spread of synthetic abrasives, this was the main ABRASIVE PIETRA used to sharpen the blades. It is on the market in the degrees of hardness (and grain): washita, soft (big and medium), hard and black hard (average, fine and fine). They are cut from NOVACOLITE (vd.), a particularly abundant silica rock in the US state of Arkansas, which gave its name to the coti made from it.
Weapon (white):Weapon operated directly by the muscle strength of the wearer. Or you define white weapons (from the color of steel) all the weapons that precede the advent of firearms, just to distinguish them from them.
Rounding: A phase that precedes sharpening and which, at the grind, serves to form or restore the cutting of the blade.
Bipenne Axe – Opposite double blade axe that already appears in Knosso Castle (Labris); at the time of the Romans he composed the litorio beam. Used in battle by the Byzantines and a bit everywhere throughout the Middle Ages.
Axe – [vedi “scure”]
Aunurgitsch – Melville Island’s long spear type.
Avoriolina: Generic name by which all those plastics that imitate ivory are designated, sometimes so perfect as to make it difficult to distinguish from the real one, at least to the naked eye. All plastic imitations have lower density than that of ivory, but higher than that of transparent plastics, because they are enriched by inclusions of inert mineral powders.
Ayda Katti – The National Sword of the Coorgs (Malabar); has no sheath.
Ay-Balta – Turkish combat axe.
Azande – Congolese throwing knife.
Azza – [vedi “mazzapicchio”]
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera B
Babanga – African Sword with wide blade (Gabon)
Bade-Bade (or Battig, or Roentjau) – Malaysian knife with curved blade without a guard, sharp in the concave part; very characteristic the sheath and the handle.
Badelaire – Saber of 1500, similar to a scimitar; is a term still used in heraldry.
Badik (or Batak) – Knife of Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, and part of Malaysia and Borneo, similar to bugis; it is part of the traditional clothing and is worn on the front between the folds of the sarong. The Badiq Loktiga is a Borneo knife with a short tapered blade and an elaborate handle.
Baggoro – Queensland flat wooden bat formed by a flat bar and sharpwood hard wood with a short handle; It is up to 15 cm wide and about one meter long. It’s remarkably heavy.
Bagh Nakh (or Nahar-Nuk, or Wagnuck) – Weapon of India whose name means “tiger claw”. It consists of a metal bar or plate on which are inserted 2-5 claws, sometimes in the shape of a sharp blade. At the ends of the bar two holes or rings in which to insert fingers; grip so that the claws come out between your fingers.
Bayonet – Cutting weapon to be sated on a rifle. The bayonet is named after the town French Bayonne, where it was originally produced. It was first used in the 16th to 16th centuries to hunt. Double-sharp iron, inhaled, bayonet was then adopted into military armaments.
Balkans (dagger b.) – Dagger of 1800 in use in the Balkans.
Whalers – Whaler’s knife.
Crossbow – Weapon formed by a wooden bow, horn or steel mounted on a kick (barrel) and intended to throw arrows, bolzoni, balls.
Balisong – Philippine knife whose two side shells open “butterfly” to form the handle. It can be opened with one hand and, once held, it can be considered fixed blade. It spread a lot after the Vietnam War.
Balista – War machine for throwing stones or darts; the names of the war machines are reported with little precision and it is not always possible to distinguish between ballista, catapult, trebuchet, biffa, mangano, etc.
Ballock – A 1400s Scottish knife similar to the kidney dagger (ballock meant testicle) from which the Dirk will derive. The sheath often contained a knife.
Bane Fang (or Bene Fang) – Bane Fang dagger in Gabon, about 50 cm long. The handle should be a stylized human figure.
Bank – Curved knife to the Maharatta shard.
Barngeet (or Ban-geek) – Victory’s Combat Boomerang. About one meter long, it can be launched more than a hundred meters away.
Barkur (or Worran) – Baggoro-like Queensland bat.
Center of gravity (balance): Static balancing is the verification that the center of gravity is on the axis of rotation. Dynamic balancing is the proof that the rotation axis coincides with one of the system’s main inertia axes.” The center of gravity or center of gravity is the point of a body at which you can imagine concentrated all its weight. A body to be suspended (e.g. An a.b.) for its center of gravity, it is in indifferent balance. It is said that a weapon is well balanced when once wielded it appears and is “felt” as a natural extension of the forearm. It must be easy to handle and must allow a good variety of tip and / or cut shots, without affecting with unpleasant effects on those who hold it.
Barong – National Moro Weapon of the Sulu, Mindanao and North Borneo Archipelago. It’s a combat weapon.
Baselardo – Short sword or dagger in use from 1300 to 1500.
Bastarda – [vedi “spadona da una mano e mezza”]
Bastard – Knife that is accompanied by another white weapon with special case in the main sheath.
Animated Stick – Stick within which a blade is hidden.
Baswa – Congo knife with a wavy blade and no guard.
Batak – [vedi “badik”]
Batardeau – A Dirk-like knife that was carried in a sword sheath pocket.
Bayu – Borneo knife with a double-sharp weapon and a gun handle.
Beidana – A saber-like manesca weapon derived from the swallow. 50-60 cm long with a narrow blade near the handle, but wide at the tip and that has a perforation with the cod that folds to act as a handguard. Born in the Valleys of Piedmont between 1200 and 1500.
Beladau – Short saber of borneo sharp in the convex side with guard and guard on the finger.
Berdica – Dark with very long blade (30-60 cm), but narrow; the rod reached the height of man. Used in northeastern Europe and Russia from 1300 onwards.
Bhala – Long spear of the Mahratta.
Bhuj (also called Kutti or Elephant Knife) – Indian knife about 40 cm long with handle much longer than the blade; it was called “elephant knife” for the elephant’s head that appears at the beginning of the blade.
Bichaq – Armenian and Turkish knife.
Bichwa – Indian dagger with blade and pierced handle; originally made from a horn. Sometimes the handle is combined with a Bagh Nakh.
Bilbo – Small sword on the side of excellent steel from Bilbao.
Biliong – Malaysian axe-samac with a square-shaped blade attached to a wooden club with a rather flexible handle.
Bill (or Brown Bill) – One of the first medieval weapons of the Anglossasons, of the family of the weapon. The shapes of the blades are varied.
Binnol – Indian whip made up of a nailed ball joined by a chain to a wooden stick.
Bisacuta – Apparently it was a two-pointed pike used in the 1300s; the biciacuto would correspond instead to a two-cut axe from the hoe.
Bi-teran – Australian bat (Quinsland) with round handle and flattened end.
Boabdil – Name of swords and daggers at the Spanish Muslims in the late 1400s, deformation of the name of Abu Abdullah last Moorish ruler in Granada. They were weapons with onion pomlet, hoof edlo and very decorated with watermark and glazes.
Boku-to (or Bokken) – Japanese swordwood imitation carried by doctors.
Bolas – A weapon typical of the Indians of the prairies of South America but probably used in Europe by prehistoric men. It consists of two or three wooden spheres or two or three leather bags containing stones, about the size of an orange, each fixed to a rope about one meter long. The strings are then tied together with the free end. I am launched in various ways: 1) holding the end of the three strings joined, briefly rotating the balls above the head and then throwing them; 2) by holding one of the balls and rotating the other two; 3) holding one of the balls in his hand (sometimes smaller than the others) and rotating the other two; Thus the first ball can be released with a small delay. With this method it is easy to get a rotation of the beam balls, useful for wrapping the legs of a fleeing animal. Effective up to thirty meters. Esquimesis use a type of bird to hunt big birds.
Bolo – Knife of the Philippines.
Boomerang (wangim) – Early peoples used or used curved hardwood throwing sticks with an aerodynamic shape that increased their range. Only in Australia has there been the further invention of an aerodynamic shape that allows the stick to make aerial evolutions, to reach distances double that of a normal stick, to finally go back to the launcher. Australians also used barn-geet boomerangs that didn’t go back. The length is around 50-60 cm.
Bo-shuriken – Japanese knife or throwing weapon sometimes in the shape of a blade and similar to the Kogai (called so gata), sometimes circular, square or hexagonal (hari gata and kugi gata).
Bourdonasse (or bourdon) – Light throw with the hollow rod so that it can be easily shattered, used in tournaments.
Bowie – American knife of the Far West, created true in 1830. Even with a double-wire blade or a 25 to 60 cm long spear blade. The term translates and applies to “Bowie knife”, also known to us as “American knife”. Massive and massive knife, corruscoand icmoco and intimidating, the bowie is the symbol knife of the United States of America.
Born in the early 19th century in the southern United States, bowie soon became famous and widely adopted by all frontiersmen and outdoorsmen. Knife characterized by a wide blade and a pointed wire, with performances ranging from use in the open life, to hunting, to combat. The name comes from the man who, legend has it, first brought it and used it, Colonel J.Bowie (1795-1836). After 1880 large quantities of bowie knives were produced and exported from America to England and the rest of Europe.
Brandistocco – Spiedo with long central cusp with two wings at the base; the irons have lozenge section; was used in war deployed behind spades. It’s wrong to use the term for the Bouncer.
Braquemar (or Braquemart) – Short two-cut European sword with a simple, unidentified handle (1500).
Bricole (pron. French) – A type of ballista of the 1300.
Briquet – Saber French mod. AN IX and XI.
Buckie – India’s axe/knife not well identified.
Budiak – Moor Launcher (Philippines).
Bukmar – Trombone in use in India.
Bulawa – Round-head sledgehammer of Eastern Europe and Indo-Persian area carried as a symbol of power and as a weapon (1600-1700)
Bullova – Fighting axe of the tribes of Choata Nagpur (India). The. more than a metre long handle and the blade takes various forms.
Inhaled Firethrow – It is a tool of the bomber with central iron and branches (snakes) on which to fix with clamps the fuse or firerope.
Bouncer – Stick formed by a metal rod closed superiorly by a snap lid. A strong projection brought out a long blade flanked sometimes by two small blades apart. The central blade was also 80 cm long. (XVII sec.).
Burrong – Type of Australian bat with a folded tip almost in the shape of an axe similar to the lion or liyangayil.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera C
Caling Naga (or Dragon Claw) – Philippine Knife; 35 cm in length.
Campilan (or Kampilan) – Sword of Malaysia, the national weapon of the Sea Daiachi, later adopted by the Moors of Sulu and Mindanao. It is carried with an open wooden sheath for its entire length. It’s about a metre long.
CARBONIO: Non-metallic element that is found both in the elementary state (diamond, graphite, etc.) as well as in the combined one. Carbon is part of the composition of the steels used by the knife-wielders in percentages ranging from 0.5 to 1.05. Binary steels, those consisting of the alloys of only two Fe/C elements can be varied by adding other elements. This will make special steels (or steels tied) weakly or strongly bound. They say weakly bound when each element in the league does not exceed 5 and strongly bound when at least one element in the league exceeds 5.
Catapult – Twisting war machine for throwing stones; the stone can be contained in a bag as in the trebuchet. Used since ancient times it could throw stones more than half a kilometer away.
One hundred and twenty – Stylus or Venetian bombers of the 1600s that carries a graduated scale from 1 to 120 to locate or remember the calibers of the cannons;: it is read holding the tip of the stylus at the top and the No. 120 is towards the heel.
Cerbottana – Tube used to throw arrows using the force of the lungs. In use with various peoples of South America and Malaysia; the length varies from 120 to 300 cm. In Malaysia it was called Sumpitan; Fukidake in Japan.
Chakram – A 10-30 cm diameter steel ring with a sharp outer edge and aerodynamic profile. It was Indian sikhs’ weapon. It was launched horizontally by hooking it with its index finger inside and giving it a quick rotational motion (it was not rotated around the finger as many think) and with all the force of the shoulder, as. It reached the distance of about 50 meters having a certain lift and was exceedingly dangerous.
Keyer – Type of long and wide blade spit, equipped with gorbia arrests (in use until the middle of 1460).
Chilanum – Indian dagger with blade of about 30 cm with double curve and double cut, forged in the likeness of a horn; guard and knob of almost equal size.
Chimbane – Abyssinian African Spear.
Chigiriki – A medieval Japanese weapon consisting of a stick of about 60 cm with a chain about the same length and ending with a balloon or a nailed wooden cylinder.
Chisa katana – Japanese saber of intermediate length between katana and wakizashi (blade of about 60 cm.).
Choora (or Chura) – Knife of the Mahsud of the Khyber; similar to Peshkabz. Total length about 45 cm.; back of the blade perfectly straight and reinforced so that the blade has a T-section.
Chu ko nu – Chinese crossbow repeatedly. The bolzoni are contained in the upper drawer and by operating the lever the drawer retracts and stretches the arch; brought forward deposits the arrow on the stem.
Chura – Afghan knife.
Cinquedea (or Anelace, or Ox Tongue) – Dagger or short dagger with a very wide blade that shrinks quickly. Derived from parazonium, but the shape is already of bronze daggers. The blade is equipped with shells and almost always worked with decorations. The supply is formed makes arched arms towards the tip; the handle is flat and decorated with ivory, brass and more. The blade is almost always decorated in gold. Civil weapon straddling the 1400s in Emilia-Veneto.
Claymore – Two-handed spadona in use in the Highlands of Scotland and Ireland in the late 1400s.
Clave, Exotic Combat Clubs – The number of combat clubs used by primitive peoples is infinite and it would make little sense to list them.
CLIP: Term that translates into clasp and equivalent to fixing button. In fact it is a metal and elastic bar placed on the back of the sheath or on the side of the handle, movable blade knives, to allow it to be attached to the belt.
SHANK: Part of the iron that penetrates the handle. It is called a full-face cod (passing cod) when it emerges at the top of the handle, stopped there by a rebate on the pom or by a nut (or other) screwed on the threaded end of the codo. It is called a partial cod when it stops at about 1/3 from the overall depth of the handle, held firmly by glue parts and/or by passing and reclaimed rivets.
Colichemarde (or crusher, or Francopino) – Type of sword with a wide blade and two strands at the heel and first stretch, then sharply narrowed and continued in verduco. It was used in the late 1400s, especially among the French militias called Franc-toupins. It also indicates a type of blade made to this guisa and used on swords in the late 1700s.
Two-handed knife – Long hand-bladed weapon with a wire blade and straight or little curved tip; German scope at the end of the 1400s for hunting.
Horse knife – Medium-length manesca weapon used for horse hunting in 1500.
African Throwing Knife – Multi-bladed African knives. Typical weapon of Central Africa in numerous variations. It is said to reach almost 100 meters and is very effective. [vedi anche “azande”]
Breach Knife – Robust knife mounted on a two-metre-long rod and used in wall assault operations; used in 1400. The guy French’s called Vouge.
COMBAT-KNIFE: It translates to “combat knife”, designates a short white weapon usually at a wire and countercut that lends itself to multipurpose uses.
COMBAT-SURVIVAL: An American designation that translates to a “combat knife and survival” and designates a type of short white weapon designed and built for the first time in the United States, suitable for combat and survival. This model is identical in performance to combat-knife with the advantage of owning a hollow handle that allows it additional specializations of use. The hollow handle houses matches, disinfectant pills to make water drinkable, ami and line, patches, compass embedded in the apple and rings o.ring on the knob to prevent water or dust seeping inside the handle and other small useful accessories for first aid and personal survival.
Examples include Randall’s 1963 1963 Attack-survival model, also on display at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, W. Moran’s ST23 Combat-survival (without a hollow handle, designed during the Viet-Nam War), the series of knives offered in various sizes and models from the knifeman J. Lile, the Survival-fighting (knife) of R. Parrish, knife adopted by Canadian and French airborne units for special tasks. However, Randall was not the first to think of a hollow-handle knife (1963). As early as 1940, the Case & Company of Bradford, a knife industry, had made and produced in very limited quantities the first knife with a hollow handle and screw apple. Also in 1957, Marble’s Arm Corporation had made a large-series knife from Camillus Cutlery whose name was “U.S. NAVY FORCE SURVIVAL SURVIVAL KNIFE”.
CORAMÈLLA: leather strip fixed on a stand that, greased and sprinkled with fine abrasive paste, serves to give the last sharpened to razors and knives.
CONTROPHILIA: Synonymous with “countercut” and/or “false thread”: in sabers, in knives at one strand shoves and 1/3, and in all the variety of blades that have the back strongly thinned in the distal third (weak), it is defined as countercut the dorsal part of the weak that precisely, can, or not, be sharpened.
COUNTER-HEEL: In knives / daggers with a handle the counter heel is a plate of the same thickness as the arch, positioned at the height of the heel, which serves to complete it and to continue the dorsal part of the handle. In complex knives/daggers the counter heel is nothing more than the postero-apical art of the minor wing of the inner spring.
Fachlor Horn – The Fachiri could not carry weapons, but they arranged with this tool made with buffalo horns!
CORNO: Integumental or bone cephalic protuberance, or integumental and bone at the same time. Antelopes, gazelles, cattle and sheep are cavicorni. Deer, deer, and reindeer are plenicorni. The horns of the animals are processed to obtain all-round grips, white weapons handles with movable blades, that is, cracked in the middle, or guancioles.
Corsesca – A rod of the 1400-1500s with iron with a long cusp, usually quadbutt but sometimes rhododal section; at the base two wings spread apart, arched and finished to a nail; the convective parts are sharp; sometimes even the concave ones. Looks like she was born in the Navy.
Corsesca palmata – Corsesca with acute triangle cusp and longitudinal rib up to the gorbia; spread and palmed wings; often the outline is all sharp; Italian weapon derived from the brandie and intended more to hit tip than to draw.
COSTOLA: Further thickening of the back, frequent in combat blades, with the aim of giving more weight and therefore greater inertial impact power, higher solidity, greater transverse stiffness to the weapon. It can also be a metal coating superimposed and shaped to the shape of the back.
Foot ribs – White manesca weapon with long, straight, flush and pointed blade; different sizes depending on foot or horse use. In use since the 9th century.
Couse (or Kouse) – Inhaled knife, perhaps derived from vouge; weapon of the trabants. Often the faces are decorated with the insignia of the gentleman. In use in a Germanic environment until the end of the 1700s.
Craquemart – 1500s marine heavy knife.
CROSS-GUARD: A term that translates to “crossguard” and is equivalent to “cross-border”. The term cross-guard (or quillons or cross-bar) refers to the simplest and most primitive form of defense, which precisely because of the fact of resembling and/or representing the cross, enriches the weapon with symbolic meanings. The cross elso, precisely, is the simplest cross bar shape, and in our case we would call it “cross”
Crowbill – Type of hammer with a rather long handle and iron formed by the pen alone. In use in India.
Curtana (or Sword of Grace) – Sword with a broken toe and said to have been made in 1661 in England for Charles II to symbolize that justice must be accompanied by grace.
CUSTOM (KNIFE): All custom knives are handmade, but not all handmade knives are custom.” The term custom is now used everywhere, for example to distinguish knives made in series of artisanal production, and has lost all the value and fundamental connotations that made and still make a custom a unique knife, exclusive, made according to the specific requests of the client, discussed in advance in detail regarding the materials and form. The term custom has also extended to industrial production, creating confusion in the exact meaning of the term to the general public.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera D
Daga – White manesca weapon with a straight blade, rather wide, two-strandand and tip, of intermediate size between the dagger and the short sword.
Dagger (or duel dagger) – Dagger or short sword to use with your left hand in duels.
Daisho – The pair of two samurai swords consisting of katana (come on, long) and wakizashi (sho, short).
Dalwel – Burma’s two-handed sword with a blade of about 60 cm, very sharp.
Damask steel blades represent the pinnacle of forging practice both for beauty and mechanical quality and in the case of contemporary blades of prestigious signature they have a precise market value, which over time rises continuously. But let’s see what is meant by damask steel. Damascus steel, Damadian steel, damask steel, patter welding, watered steel, or reductively damask, is a particular type of steel that after undergoing specific processing, takes on the final appearance of a contrasted steel chromatic (watering), with light-dark and white-gray, with a trend of these contrasts more or less regular that in the eyes of the expert are detectors of the bonta of the blade and the skill of the craftsman. The term damask is typically Western and European. It is thought that the term was attributed to this steel by the Crusaders and by those who had commercial relations with the Levant. It should be noted that the wave-surface-movement-mirror element recurs in the definition of damask among all peoples, this is because the primitive meaning of the term has never been lost historically, and it is noted that the very definition of damask draws its origin from the way of interpreting the appearance of its blades by the oriental authors: “an undulating surface like that of a river”. The term damask in European culture is probably linked to an economic-geographical reason: the trade of finished blades took place in Damascus, and then because Dimisk-As-Sham, the Syrian city, was, as well as a collection of weapons, the point of arrival and departure of the caravans directed to Turkey, the Afriva of the North, the Balkans, Europe.
There are two basic types of damask that are different by definition, composition and obtainment: the Indian one, otherwise called wootz, oriental damask or molten steel or crucible steel, and the European welded damask. Both steels have had wide use both in the West and in the East, and the history of their discovery and improvement is extremely stimulating for scientific studies on metallurgical knowledge and related cognitive processes among the peoples of antiquity.
Dha – Burma’s national sabre with blade of varying lengths; has the shortest handle of the dalwel.
Dhara – Maharatta’s six-coast mace.
Dhoup – [vedi “khanda”]
DEFENSE: Anything that helps to safeguard and protect the hand.
DIRK: The term “dirk” refers to the Scottish knife (likely derived from the kidney dagger) in use in the 17th century as a civilian weapon and in the 19th century as a military weapon. One-stranded blade and tip and apple with semi-precious stone of the coloring of the association of belonging. In Anglo-Saxon culture the term dirk extends to define certain sabres supplied to naval officers (English and American) in the late 18th century (naval dirk) and to certain Mediterranean knives (Mediterranean dirk). The dirk is a very copied weapon and reproduced today by many knife-wielders.
DISCHETTO: Circular element in turtle, leather, horn, amber, etc., which is pierced in the center is tucked on the cod in progressive or alternating series to create decorative patterns, so as to compose, in totality, the handle.
Dohong – [vedi “Mandau”]
Doloire (pron. French) – Dark wide-bladed carpenter also used in battle.
DORSO (OF LAMA): Massive part of the blade opposite the wire. That’s also expensive. The back can gradually attenuate until it ends in a thin part (usually the weak or third distal) and, sometimes, sharpened. In the latter case the blade will have the characteristic of having the thread that continues even for a higher stretch and will be defined as a blade with a thread and a third, or blade to a third of a thread, or blade to a wire and countercut or blade to a thread and a half. The back, however, is suitable for changes in shape calculated also in relation to the functional destination of the weapon.
DROP-POINT: Term that translates and applies to “drip tip”. The tip is aligned with the central axis of the blade.
HARDNESS:”Hardness is the resistance of portions of the substance to local displacements.” There are several tests to test the hardness of metals. We remember Brinell, Vickers, Herbert, Shore, Rockwell, the latter the most widespread method. This method (invented by the American engineer S.R.) is the index of the hardness of a material subjected to the action of a ball penetrator with a diameter of 1/16 inch of hard steel Hrb, or diamond cone Hrc, if the hardness is greater than 200. The hardness is derived from the measure of the sinking and is expressed as the difference between the sinking of a final load of 100 Kgf (Hrb) and 180 Kgf (Hrc) and that corresponding to a load of 10 Kgf. Remember that for forge masters the Rockwell test is absolutely not indicative and decisive for the overall qualities of the blade. They adopt multiple systems of verification not only of hardness, but also of the cutting capacity, elasticity and flexibility of the blade, the retention of the wire, the ability to penetrate, the distribution of weight and balances.
Dussack (or Dusack) – Coltellaccio whose handle is made from a slot of the same iron. German-born, used to train fencing with knife.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera E
Ancient Egypt (E.A. weapons) – In the tomb of Ramses III were found: bat, stick, sickle-shaped sword (similar to the Assyrian Sapara), fighting knife.
ELSA: Defending the hand in the form of a bar, in its most classic and widespread form mail transversely compared to the handle and blade, lying in the same plane of these. His iconography ranges from extreme essentiality to the most exasperated formalism. The whole body of the elso consists of a central or solid part, a cruise that is the point of the elso through which the cod passes, by two arms (guard and parade) that depart from the smaller sides of the solid and that can be straight , curved symmetrically or curved and opposite each other. In its simplest form, the helmet allows the ambidextrous use of the weapon, then with the addition of the elements of defense (arches, bridges, arrests, branches, etc.) especially in long-conditioning white weapons, together with the intensification of the defense, the use with left or right hand.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera F
Facòn – Originally Spanish knife, now the knife of the Argentine gaucho; it’s about 30 cm long.
Falarica – A large and sturdy Roman spear that was hurled from the walls, usually with war machines; could carry wrapped incendiary material.
Falchion – Indicates a medieval sabre with a large, heavy blade, not well identified. Here’s a fantasy reproduction. See Crooked.
Falcione – Peasant weapon born from the scythe puta in which the iron was mounted in axle at auction. Then turned into the war scythe with arrests. Finally parade weapon such as appearance mow and house mwell.
Fang – Chinese weapon formed by an iron rod about 60 cm long that ends with a short blade at the base of which one departs perpendicularly (that is, they form an L).
FALSE FILO: Although the term false thread exists in the current language of the knifemen as unofficial acceptance, it does not actually exist as a technical denomination, as they are determined in daggers, and en distinctly, the thread and the false. Despite this, some blades of knives have a strongly thinned back in the weak, sometimes perfectly sharp and sometimes not sharp. Such a conformation of the distal third has the function of favoring the penetration and the scissor power of the blade. In this case the blade will be defined as one thread and 1/3, or 1/3 wire, or the weak of the back will take the most correct name of counter-cut, or counter-strand, or false cut, or false thread.
FANTASY (KNIFE): A term that designates white weapons particularly sought after in aesthetic effect, which almost always lose their primary connotations of weapons-tools, and which are very far from the constructive ethics of high-art blades, blades where formal elegance and great quality are the imperatives of their being.
FIGHTING (KNIFE): Term that translates to “combat knife” and defines a dagger designed almost exclusively for the offense, the surprise attack, the deadly stockpile. The fundamental feature of this dagger is to generally have a lozenge section, double-wire blade, rather narrow, pointed and sharp, anti-slip and ambidal handle, equipped with elso. Designed eminently for acute and deadly penetration, these daggers have little versatility of use.
FIGHTING-UTILITY (KNIFE): The official definition of the term is due to the Ka-Bar Union Cutlery, which in December 1942 submitted and obtained approval from the U.S. Navy (Corps of The Marines) for the provision as a personal endowment of a knife that lends itself both to combat and to the normal needs of military life. Known around the world as Camillus, especially in the military environment, although Camillus Cutlery was not the only one and not the first to make this type of knife. Other houses were Case Cutlery, Ka-Bar Union Cutlery, Imperial, etc. The definition has extended to include all those multipurpose performance knives but closely linked to four cardinal roles: combat, survival, knife/field weapon and hunting, dagger.
FILO: Extreme part of the cut. It says thread the cutting edge of the blade oriented to the outside compared to the one holding the weapon.
Fioretto – Room weapon with thin and elastic square blade finished by a button.
Firangi – Indian Sword (Maharatta) with a straight blade from the 16th to the 16th century. features for the handle. The blades were imported from Europe.
Flagello d’arme – [vedi “mazzafrusto da cavallo”]
Flamberga – German two-handed sword with wavy cutting blade (“biscia”).
Flyssa – National Sword of the Cables of Morocco, with blade about one meter long, often with brass inlays.
FORBITURA: the term indicates a very strong process of POLITURA that allows to obtain a very shiny surface, mirror, of the blades; is a particularly popular finish among Japanese
Fork – Weapon in two-rebbi rod (breach fork). If it has one or two creases or flakes at the fork and perpendicular to the rebbi it is called stair well (lett. G and H pictured). Initially peasant weapon (sec. XII), then in military use until the early 1700s.
Prisoner fork – Weapon in the rod with a spring-loaded device that had the rebbi closed around the opponent’s neck that was immobilized as if by a pointed collar. It was also used by infantry to capture knights.
FIGHTING FIGHTING (KNIFE): A term that translates to “combat folding knife” and designates a pure mobile combat blade knife.
FORBITURA: The term indicates the very particular process of polishing of Japanese blades.
FORGING: See Fuciging.
FORNIMENT: Or firnimentation, anything that contributes to the completion, use and storage of the weapon. Es. (Handle, elso, sleeve, sheath, etc.).
FORTE: The third of the blade coming to the handle.
FOSFATATION: Metal protective procedure. It consists of soaking the metals in a phosphtic solution bath, after they have been picked up and blasted. Sometimes the blades of white weapons are phosphate.
Francisca – Frankish combat axe. [vedi anche “scure”]
The process of processing metal for hot plastic deformation using industrial tools (machines, presses) or manuals (hammer). In the manual forge that is the one that affects white weapons, the work piece is moved and rotated several times, deformed and heated several times, until you get the desired shape. Blades of high craftsmanship can be forged (by hand) in mono steel or damask.
Fukidake – Japanese Cerbottana.
Furibo – Japanese combat stick consisting essentially of a stick with a metal pomlet.
Fustibulus (or Fustibalus) – Roman stone-throwing weapon formed by a stick with a leather strap at the end to hold the stone.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera G
Gastrafete (or Gastraphete) – A siege weapon of the Greeks and Romans consisting of a large crossbow that was stretched by leaning against the barrel with its chest.
Giusarma (or Guisarma) – A single-wire, wide-tipped weapon used by the fifties in the 12th and 14th centuries. For a particular type see Beidana.
Inastata (or Glaive) – There is not much clarity on terminology. Usually these are blades inhaled with teeth and stops but it is not easy to distinguish mowing from roncone, kouse etc. [vedi anche “kouse”]
Gladio – Typical Roman sword.
Greek Gladio – The Greeks in the 5th century B.C. used the Xiphos, a straight sword, and a combat knife (macheira, kopis) a bit like a kukri.
Godendag – 12th-century Flemish Alabarda.
Golok – Jungle knife in use in Malaysia and Filpippine, with blade of varying length (from 15 to 60 cm.) and shape.
GRIP: A term that translates and applies to grip/grip/handle. In the technical terminology of the American grip knifemen can understand and define the grip, the good gripability of the handle of the weapon, as well as the structural component (grip) specifically.
Gudjerrun – Clava Australia.
Gupti – Indian animated stick.
GUT-HOOK (SKINNER KNIFE): Term that translates into “hook to gut” and designates a particular type of knife provided on the back-apical blade of a hook, or rather the hook is a particular shape of the back. The ideal for the use of this blade is that it is also sharpened in the stretch below the back of the hook, that is, only on the small final stroke of the blade back. The function of this knife is to pierce with the tip the skin of the animal, and once hooked this with the hook, to slide, with a hinged movement along the entire abdomen of the animal, the sharp part of the back of the blade, thus favoring a faster opening of the abdomen of the animal and, you want safer method, in the sense that you do not run the risk of cutting even the viscera.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera H
Hachiwara – Japanese duel style of about thirty cm. square-section blade.
Hallstatt – Iron daggers of the 6th century. a. Cr. of Culture hallstatt (Austria).
Hamidaschi – Japanese knife similar to the lot, about 40 cm long, but with small tsuba.
Handjar – An Arabic term, transformed by the Persian khandjar, which indicates a wide range of weapons in the Arab world, usually with curved blades.
Head Axe – Igorot axe of Luzon Island (Philippines) used both in combat and for peaceful use.
Himogatana – Japanese stiletto.
Hoeroa – Maori Clava made from a flat whale bone, about 120 cm long and 6-7 cm wide. It has a slight S-shaped curvature and is used with two hands.
Hoko – Japanese spear.
Hora – Indian brass knuckles made of horn.
Hunga Munga – Lake Chad’s African Launch Knife.
Glossario sugli strumenti e le armi da taglio – Lettera I
HANDLE: Part of the weapon that you take with your hand to use it.
The handle can be strongly or veiledly anatomical, it can be designed for the functional destination of the weapon, from tip and/or cutting. The handle lends itself to endless executive interpretations, can consist of a single piece, cable to partially or completely accommodate the codo, or cable as in survival knives, or two cheeks juxtaposed one side to the plates that rest directly on the flat surface of the cod. The one-piece handle can be covered with a thin leather sheath, braided cordellines and other maerials that contribute, as well as to decorate it, also to improve the grip.
RECESS (FUNCTION OF THE’): The term is synonymous with groove, groove, and describes the grooves and scalings present on the blade. Its function is twofold. You want the recess to prevent the air sucking effect and accompany the blood coming out of the wound. In fact, scaling is used to prevent the ultraflexibility of the blade. For example, by channeling the sides of a blade, it becomes stiffer because every effort made to bend the blade literally undergoes the largest amount of reflected force that can be provided by the shape. Mechanically speaking, you have to shatter an arc outwards of its crown, and the deeper the bow is and larger and its resistance. For this reason, narrow scaling is preferred to the wider one, albeit with the same depth.
Ingonda – Axe of the Nkundu tribe, Zaire. About 50 cm long.
INSÈRTO: The Italian equivalent of the English inlay (pron. ìnlei) is a plate of varied shape (rectangular, oval, shaped) and heterogeneous (often decorative) material compared to the cheek of the handle in which it is inserted for aesthetic purposes or ergonomics (better graspability).
INTERFRAME (interfréim): A method of constructing the handle with a metal frame in which a distinctive INSISIs is embedded.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera J
Jadagna – Omaha sledgehammer.
Jambiya – Traditional Arabic dagger that takes many forms over the centuries and in various regions; The blade is double-wire curved, almost always with Central Coast. Being a component of clothing, the processing of the sheath takes on particular importance.
Jamdhar Katari – Cafiri Knife in Hindu Kush.
Jedburg (or Jeddardt; axe J.) – Scottish auction weapon. [vedi anche “Lochhaber”]
Jitte (or Jutte) – Left-handed weapon in duel, but used mainly by Japanese police.
Juken (or Juso) – Japanese name of the bayonet.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera K
KAL-GARD: High-tech, aerospace-derived anti-reflective coating also used on short white weapons.
Kama – Persian dagger 1600-1800 with double-edged straight blade and characteristic staggered grooves on both sides. The maico is similar to that of the khandjar but with different pommus
Kama Yari – Japanese picca.
Kanabo – Long Japanese iron or iron wood club.
Kandjar – [vedi “khandjar”]
Karabela – Foot saber that was part of the Polish national dress; luxury weapon.
Karambit – Ancient Indonesian knife now relaunched in more modern forms.
Kard – Persian one-wire knife, with sheath that also covers the handle; the tip is sometimes thick to be used as a breakthrough. The metal ball on the handle is intended to prevent it from breaking off its belt.
Karouli – Indian knife with a curved blade and Chilanum-like handle.
Kaskara – Sword of Sudan (pop. Baghirmi).
Kastane – Ceylon National Sword. The handle is often worked artistically.
Katana – The famous Samurai sword that is actually a saber, both for the curvature and for the way to carry the blow. The Japanese blades, depending on the length measured at the wire, give rise to cutting weapons of different name (approximate and variable measures): Jan Tachi, blade over 84 cm; Katana and Tachi, over 60 cm; Chisa Katana, over 45 cm; Wakizashi, over 40 cm; So much and Auikuchi, over 28 cm; Yoroi Toshi, over 23 cm; Kwaiken, over 8 cm.
Katar – Ancient Indian weapon with curved or straight double-wire blade and of different sizes from 10 to 90 cm.
Katzenbalger – [vedi “mezza spada da lanzo”]
Kauah – Stone-headed sledgehammer destined to be cast (New Hebrides).
Kau sin ke – Chinese jointed Arnese, formed by ring-joined bars, over a meter long, with handle at the ends, used as a chain.
Ken – Ancient Chinese sword form (8th century) and name of the ceremonial sword in Japanese temples with ring handle pomlet.
Kenuki gata tachi – Ancient Japanese sword with blade and one-piece handle.
Kerrie (or Knoberrie, or Tyindugo) – Zulus throwing bat sometimes with a very thin handle, about 70 cm long, made from bones, rhino horns, etc.
Khanda – Ancient Indian sword in use between the Rajaput and the Maharatta.
Khandjar (or Kanjar, or Kandjar) – Typical curved Arabic dagger with double-edged blade, sometimes with central rib; The blade often has double curvature.
Khanjarli – Hindu dagger. It stands out from the Khandjar for its grip.
Kharoll – Dagger of northern India.
Khyber Knife (or Afghan Knife) – National Sword of the peoples of India and Pakistan.
Kilij (Kilig) – The typical Turkish sabre.
Kindey (K. dagger) – Northern European kidney dagger at the end of 1100.
Kindjal (or Kinzhal) – Typical Caucasian knife, double wire, very pointed, straight blade; 50 cm in total length. It’s cracked grooves.
Kirasoo – Indian throwing weapon consisting of a stick of about 90 cm spiral and with an apple to a head: depending on the way of launch makes dangerous evolutions and bounces.
Kirikobu – Japanese wooden clava used by palace guards.
Kiseru – Japanese iron pipe, usable to parry blows and as a truncheon.
Klewang – The most common type of Malay, Indonesian and Filipino saber with a variety of gripshapes. Blade of about 60 cm. Types: Dua Lalan, Penai, Tjo Jang, Kabeala, Balato, Bolo, Sikim Panjang. Pira.
Kogai – Species of pin of about twenty cm. that was carried together with the kozuka knife, tucked into the tsuba of the katana. It was used as a fearsome launching weapon.
Kopis (or Khrobi) – Ancient Egyptian weapon still in use in the Congo.
Kora – The Nepalese National Sword for Combat and Sacrifice Uses; The overall length is about 75 cm and the blade in the widest part is about 20 cm. Buddhist (eye) symbols are often engraved on the blade.
Koshigatana – Small Japanese dagger with blade of about 12 cm., suitable to be carried in the folds of the kimono.
Kotiate – Maori mazza with a strange violin shape, about 40 cm long. The carvings were used to block cutting weapons.
Koto – Throwing knife from the Koto tribe of Gabon with a horn-headed blade. The handle is wrapped in copper wire. I use more than anything ceremonial.
Koummya (or Kumiyah) – Dagger of Morocco, traditional Berbers. It’s just one cut. The sheath is very curved at the tip
Kouse – Inastate knife perhaps derived from vouge; it is the weapon of the smugglers and the faces are decorated. There is not much clarity about these names. [vedi anche “couse”]
Kozuka – Thin knife inserted into the sheath of the katana or wakizashi along with the kogai.
Kringla – Two-handed spadona with a particular elso formed by a bar twisted to compose rings. Sweden, 1400-1500.
Kris (or Keris) – Typical Malaysian dagger, possibly native to Java, with a bilingual blade, but sometimes straight or just curved, spread throughout the Indonesian archipelago. Especially taken care of the processing of all parts of the knife and sheath with infinite variations. It is 60-70 cm long.
Kubikiri (or Bokuwari lot) – Particular model of So Much Japanese with sharp curved blade from the concave side; it is said to be used to cut off the enemy’s head.
Kudi – Malaysian dagger with bird head blade with talisman value.
Kujerung (or Kugerong) – Australian throwing wooden bat with a spindle and pointed head.
Kukri (or khukuri) – National Weapon of Nepal and its Gurka warriors. It has curved blade, about 60-70 cm long, sharpened in the concave side and the shifting of the weight towards the tip allow very effective blows. The handle is straight, without a guard or with a very small guard; characteristic of the collection (kauri). It has leather-covered wooden liner that also contains two small knives (karda and chakmak).
Kumade – A claw-shaped weapon that is wielded in martial arts. Sometimes with a perpendicular handle at the base.
Kwaiken – Small Japanese knife with blade of 12-15 cm to one or two strands.
Kusari gama – Weapon formed by a chain with two grips at the ends, sometimes even heavy or a Kama with a chain with weight attached to the base of the handle.
Kyoketsu shoge – Long chord with a ring to one head and a blade with side harpoon to the other; initially used to climb walls or trees, it was later used as a weapon.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera L
Lading Terus – Malaysian dagger made with the tip of a spear.
BLADE: Part of the white weapon designed for offense or work. The blade is divided into the near-medium third (medium), and the third distal (weak). The shape of the blade immediately makes clear the type of the object and its functional destination.
LAMINATED STEEL: A term that translates to “laminated steel” and historically refers to composite steelmade in Japan or Scandinavia. The term, however, extends to include also the damask steel, more specifically the welded steel (in layers, in drawings). The term laminated often refers more specifically to those blades with a broken-down structure that in Japan are called san/mai, in which a “hard” steel core is inserted and bandaged by “soft” steel flanks. Siffata alternation, combined with the differential thermal treatment, gives the blade the merit of having a hard and durable cutting edge over time, and a general elasticity of absorption of shocks and strokes remarkable and distributed throughout the body of blade.
LAMINATED WOOD: A term that designates a wood composed of multiple compressed layers between them.
Lance – Throwing, foot and horse rod. He was courteous to play war on horseback, was leaning on the remains; it was up to 4 meters long and with a hollow stem. Carousel throw, also tournament, but freehanded.
Langgai tingang – A type of Malaysian Parang Ilang of sea daiaki. Similar to Niabor and Jimpul.
Lapinleuku – Finnish knife; 21 cm long.
Leonile – Mazza used by populations of Lake Victoria.
SANDING: High surface finish of heterogeneous materials; wood, stone, metals, etc.
Lil-Lil – Mazza used by people of Lake Victoria.
Ox Tongue – Half a pike of the 1500s with sword blade.
LINO (batist of): The flax batista is great for drying the blades from the residual oil, or for laying out new. The validity of the fabric is due to the absorption of the residual oil, does not scratch the “cloth” of the blade, does not leave peels mixed with the lubricant, and when you spread the oil, precisely because of the absorption property, it allows to spread optimal amounts of it without exceeding the thickness of the oily film.
Liyangayil – Clava Australian.
Lochaber (Axe L.) – Axe in Scottish auction.
Lohar – A weapon about 40-50 cm long used by Afghan people.
LUCIDATURA (A SPECCHIO): Mirror treatment and finish of metal surfaces.
Luzernerhammer – Type of 1400 sledgehammer. It is a slender iron azza, in use in Switzerland and Germany. Hammer with 4 teeth and long cusp.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera M
Machaira – Byzantine knife.
Machera – Greek sword with long, straight blade. [vedi anche “gladio”]
Machete – Work tool.
Madu – Weapon of the Fakiri, formed by two Horns of Fachiro whose central joint is covered by a small shield of thirty cm in diameter.
Maybe Yari (sometimes jumonji-yari) – Japanese auction weapons are divided into three types: agitated, yari, and maybe yari. The maybe-yari, which has become a ceremonial weapon, appears with numerous variants: Magari-yari – a weapon with a triple blade in the shape of a cross; Bishamon-yari – a central blade weapon flanked by two half-moonside side blades; Hoko – Arms with double L-shaped blade; Futomata-yari or sasumata – weapon with gallows-shaped blades. Gekken – lunated blade arms. Kagi-yari – hoko-type arms equipped with a side hook and without blade. Kama-yari et o-kama-yari Kumade of the bunch type with a curved blade and two or three hooks. Makura yari- Long and light javelin.
Main gauche – [vedi “daghetta”]
Malchus – A type of Crooked.
Mamori katana – A little katana with a blade of about thirty cm that was given to the children of samurai up to the age of five.
Mandaia – Mindanao Mandaia Knife.
Mandau – The traditional sword of the dayaki, called in Malaysian Parang ihlang. It’s like a one-wire machete. The Mandau pasir type has very wide blade. The name means “Double blade” because a knife is inserted into the sheath. This is called Pue and is very similar to the Pisau Raut used to extract rattan (food) with blade of about 10 cm and handle of 30 cm.
Mangbetu – Mangbetu Knife, Central African population.
Mangona – Generic name for jet war machines; the Arabs called the catapults Manjanik.
Manrikigusari – Arnese of Martial Arts (Ninja)
Manuballist – Crossbow of the Romans (in Greek cheiroballist).
Maripi – New Zealand meat cutting tool (30 cm.).
Morocco – Moroccan daggers. The Moroccan linings are equipped with a ring to which a silk string is attached. The dagger is carried on the left side with the string on the right shoulder.
Hammer of arms – A bang-soaked weapon with many variants that was carried hanging from the knight’s arch.
Crow-billed hammer of arms – Said to crow’s beak because the mouth of the bat is opposed by a pen. The term Bec de corbin is also used for the rod weapon (batpicchio). In the Italian types of the 1400s the mouth is divided into cusps (tooth).
Masakari – In Japanese, the generic name for the axe, but also a combat axe with a pointed beak opposite the blade.
Ferrata bat – Wooden sledgehammer with head reinforced with nails and spikes.
Sledgehammer – Iron mace often all iron; was carried hanging from the saddle.
The foot rod consists of a man-height rod with a bracket to which they are joined with chains from one to three balls of ironed wood or iron with tips and broccoli. The horse (flag of arms) with a short handle and usually with only one ball. If formed by two sticks, the origin of the trebbio is evident.
Batpicchio – Weapon unmown and cut with iron on one side in the shape of an axe on the other in the shape of a hammer.
Mel Puttah Bemoh – Long two-handed sword with stripblade. South India, 1700.
Mentok – Java’s sword with a slightly curved blade and an enlarged tip.
Metsubushi – Blinding dust and the tool the Japanese used to throw it into the eyes of the adversary; initially perhaps an eggshell, then a round or oval box of brass or lacquered wood having on one side a mouth to blow you and on the other a tube from which came the powder (mainly pepper).
Half a Sword of Lanzo – Sword used in the first half of 1500 by the Lanzichenecchi. Straight and wide blade, flattened at the end with a sturdy mushroom apple handle. The guard has a typical S-shape.
Mezzostocco – Small foot touch.
MICARTA: Produced and patented by Westinghouse, micarta is a compound of phenolic resins in which layers of fabric are immersed. Widely used in contemporary knife rye for its good looks, the micarta is unassailable from acids, oxidizing agents, resistant to shocks, unassailable by mud, blood, etc.
It is an ideal material for the construction of grips. There are various types of micarta, in which the matrix can be not cloth, but also paper or wood and different colors. For example, what is called “linen micarta” is not micarta with linen but with cotton. While what is called “ivory (bone) micarta”, ivory micarta, is not true micarta as the material used is not a phenolic resin but epossodic.
Mercy – A dagger proper called style or stiletto, called mercy because it was destined to give the coup de grace through the armatur or because the opponent was not left at that point but to ask for grace; in fact a duel dagger with a quadrangular section blade and very pointed. [vedi anche “pugnale”]
MISURE: The size of a white weapon and its possible sheath must be expressed in mm. And the weight in gr. Following a predetermined and officially adopted descriptive order in the international field. Below 35 cm. Daggers are considered, between 35 and 51 cm. Dams, between 51 and 71 cm. They consider themselves short swords and beyond the latter measure swords.
MOLLA: There are two types of spring in the movable blade knives, the outer and the internal. The outer spring is usually a metal slab that covers the entire length of the handle and is held still by a central and passing retort. The front end of the spring has a small hole. The top of the heel has a small tooth that with open blade goes to fit perfectly into the shaped hole of the spring. The head of the spring has an unlocking system, or bell, which is usually a ring that is attached precisely to the head of the spring, allows, by inserting the index finger, to force upwards and free the tooth from the locking hole. The inerna spring normally occupies the space reserved for the arc. When the spring is stretched out, a small tooth practiced on the head of the inner spring holds firm but does not block the blade. Both the outer and inner springs are divided into a front half (major wing) and a back half (minor wing). Both the inner and outer springs are firm, however, unlike the pump models (where the inerna spring is tilting), on the back of the handle.
MONOBLOCCO: Type of full-length knife or handle. The single-block knife is bare, only blade and cod shaped in the shape of a handle, without any kind of coating or supply.
Moplah (M. knife) – Knife and sword of a tribe of Mahalabar, double-wire.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera N
Naga Dao – Sword of the Naga population of Assam about 70 cm long and with blade of 20-25 cm.
Nagamaki – Japanese weapon between the sword and the spear, about 120 cm long and with blade of about 45 cm. It was used by the monks fighting.
Nagegama – [vedi “Kusarigama”]
Naginata – Japanese rod weapon that bears a saber-like blade; various fasteners, from the fixed one with codol (nakagi, komi, kuki) to the movable one that allows you to use the blade even without the rod (Naginata no saki). Women also practiced its use. The blade is 25-50 cm long and was equipped with a sheath (Japanese blades are always protected by a sheath).
Born (or Ken Nata) – Japanese hunting knife with blade of 20-30 cm.
Navaja – Spanish serramanic knife born in the late 1600s with a blade usually equipped with a ring stop (à virole). Sometimes it reached huge dimensions: one meter in length and one kilo in weight. It is likely that it was the substitute of the sword for those who could not carry it.
Ngomba – Axe of the Ngomba, tribe of Zaire; 70 cm.
Niabor – Parang of the sea dayaki with hooked handle and on the blade a spur near the handle.
NICHELATURA: A process of coating metal surfaces for protective purposes by a thin layer of nickel.
NICHEL-SILVER: Alloy also known as alpacca, silver, alloy consisting of 52/60 copper, 10/35 zinc and 5/35 nickel. League also known as nickel-brass, German silver.
Nil-li – Australian wooden bat.
Nimcha – Arab Sword (Morocco, Maghreb), late 1600, with typical rectangular guard.
NITRURATION: Treatment of steels that gives them greater surface hardness and better resistance to corrosion. It is made by contact of steel with nitrogen and its surface formation of iron nitrogen.
Nodachi (or Edachi) – Ancient Japanese sword with blade of more than 90 cm up to 226 cm (sic!); typically about 120 cm. For the long ones, it took an aperitif to help unfurl it. Those of normal length were carried on the back with the handle on the left.
Knuckle (or Knuckles) – A ring-shaped tool or more elaborate to be applied to the hand to hit with the fist. Sometimes joined to a blade.
Nothing-Nothing – Australian wooden bat (Queensland).
Nunchaku – Instrument used in martial weapons and consisting of two batons joined by a chain.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera O
Onagro – Roman stone-throwing machine. Range over 30m.
Ono – Dark in Japanese auction about 2 m long. used by the Yamabushi; the cutting edge was fitted with a sheath.
Opi – A type of Malaysian klewang with a handle adorned with strands of hair.
OSSO: Hard, durable and elastic organ of the skeleton. After various processing the bones of the ruminants can also be used for the making of grips.
O-yumi – Large Japanese fortress crossbow (arc also three meters long).
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera P
Pakayun – Saber of the Muruths of North Borneo with a particular elso apple.
PAKKA WOOD: Wood reduced by 25 of its thickness and immersed in a matrix of resins, made in a process similar to micarta. Available in various appearances and colors is used for knife grips.
Pallash (or Squadron) – Arm from the middle flank between the sword, having a long, straight blade to a single thread and the sabre of which it adopts the handle. Typical of Eastern Europe in the early 1700s it is used by the Croatians of the Austrian army and then adopted by many European horseriders.
Panabas – Moor jungle knife (Philippines).
Parang – Generic name of Malaysian jungle knives.
Parang amanremu – Sumatra, 57 cm long.
Parang bilak – Borneo, rather short with a single convex thread.
Parang ginah – It is unlikely to be a weapon; better consider it a curved machete.
Parang ilang – [vedi “mandau”]
Parang Jambolo – Sword of the Patani, North Malaysia, 65 cm long. and 40 cm blade. He’s one of the Parang Rauks.
Parang nabur – It is a Western imitation saber but shorter to match the physique of the Daiaki.
Parazonium – Wide-bladed dagger used by both the Greeks and the Romans.
PARKERIZATION: Burn operation, Richard-Allen’s patent, obtained by immersing the “iron” in a boiling solution of iron phosphate, phosphoric acid and manganese dioxide and then in a bath of boiling oil. In 1942, the Ka-Bar Union Cutlery presented to the attention of the Marine Corps a knife called “Fighting Utility Knife”, a prototype of what would become the official knife of the Marine Corps, the “U.S.N. MARK II”, at the end of 1942. This knife had a parkerized blade.
Partisan – Dragon-shaped iron with two fins at the base; derived from the Bolognese spit towards the end of 1400; still used by the Swiss Guard.
Pata – Indian weapon, evolution of the katar that first receives a guard like a sword and then a glove that can reach up to the elbow. Lots of variations.
Patan – Knife-dagger of Pakistan and Afghanistan; about 60 cm long.
Paternoster (P. blade) – Blade with small hollows, like the balls of a rosary and which perhaps had to fulfill the same function with the soldiers.
Patisthanaya – Sinhalese spear with partisan tip.
PATTADA: Sardinian municipality in the province of Sassari, the place of origin of the “resolza” knife.
PATTERN WELDING: A term that translates to “drawing welding” and identifies a particular process of production of welded damask steel (drawings, layers), practiced both in antiquity and today.
Pattisa – Sword of southern India with double strands, round and wide tip. Sometimes the name also indicates an axe.
Patu (or Mere) – Clava Maori.
Pedang – Indonesian saber (Java) with blade of about 50 cm imitating European sabres, often German; various types (tulang, belanda, mataram, palembang, perak. sabet, suduk. Sometimes the handle is unguarded and the weapon has rather a knife or machete.
PERNO: It is the organ that allows the coupling of two parts of a system, so that one (the blade) can rotate around the other (the impgnature).
Pesh Kabz – Dagger from Persia and northern India. Very pointed T-blade, usually straight, sometimes with slight double curvature of the tip upwards; can be sharpened on one or both sides.
DISH: The front or back surface of the blade. The dishes are circumscribed by the cutting cutters, or by the wire and the back.
Picca – Weapon in rod with very long rod from 4 to 7 meters; was used by infantry to counter cavalry. It has its origin in the sarissa of the Macedonian phalanx and was reintroduced by the Swiss in the 1300s; In 1500, two-thirds of a party was made up of woodpeckers. Rep. Adam Schiff (D-Calif.) Veneta abolished the woodpeckers in 1790.
Pichangatti – Tamil Knife.
Piha-Kaetta – Sinhalese knife.
Pillow sword – Sword to be kept at the bed for emergencies. About 1600-1700.
Pilum – The typical spear of Roman legionnaires.
Pinuti – A type of Bolo [vedi] used only as a weapon and well finished.
Pira – Malaysian saber.
Pisau Raut – [vedi “mandau”]
Piso – Type of Sabre of Dayaki Battak in various types: Piso Eccat. P. Gading, P. Halasan, P. Podang. Fr. Tonkeng.
PITTINGS: A term that translates to “corrosion” and indicates small holes on the blade caused by rust. They disappear after the police.
Pogamoggan – American Indians’ bat with stone head on flexible wooden handle.
POMICE: Acid, white eruptive rock, composed of glass and phenocrystals. Its porosity and lightness is due to the gases that during the cooling phase of the effusive magma and the subsequent mutation and consolidation in lava rock, abandon the rock itself. Reduced to fine powder, it is an excellent abrasive for removing rust from blades.
Pouwhenua – Maori mace in the shape of a very elongated clava and with a pointed handle.
Pugium – The Roman dagger.
Dagger – White weapon with short two-wire blade and tip. [vedi anche “daghetta”]
Disc Dagger – Dagger where the handle is delimited by discs. It’s a modern term. It was used by knights since the early 14th century.
Ear Dagger – Dagger originally used by Venetian stradiotes (sec. XV).
Dagger – Guard formed by two round bulges from which it is understood that kidney is an understatement for asshole. Blade usually at a wire with reinforced tip. In use in central and northern Europe from 1300 onwards.
Lanzo Dagger – It was part of the Lanzi costume in 1500.
Dagger (or dagger) from the left hand – Dagger or short dagger to be held during the fight to parry blows and to injure.
Roman Dagger – [vedi “pugium”]
Push dagger – Cheating weapon that originated around 1830 perhaps in New Orleans; blade of about 10 cm and was in vogue during the Gold Rush. Now in use in martial arts; I do not know if for autonomous oriental origin.
Pulouar – Indian saber, talwar type.
PUSH-DAGGER: Term that designates a small dagger, easily concealed, which is used at the tip and engages in the same way as a corkscrew, that is, with the shank imprisoned between the index finger and the middle finger.
Puukko – Finnish knife 20-30 cm long.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera Q
Qama – Traditional Georgian knife, similar to the kindjal of the Cossacks.
Quaddara – Persian sword with a two-strand blade 45-50 cm long with the same shape as the kindjal.
Breakthrough quadrellone – [vedi “ahlspiess”]
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera R
Ram Da’o – Nepalese sacrificial sword.
RED BONE: A term that refers to a colored bone with shades of red.
RED STAG: A term that refers to animal horns colored with shades of red.
Rencong – Sumatran dagger as quoted as Kris in Java. The length varies from 10 to 50 cm.
Roncone – Weapon in the auction of the infantryman that dates back to 1200; The shape now known is 1400. It can be simple or double.
ROSTFREI: German term that translates to “stainless steel”.
RUST: Reddish patina that is formed by oxidation of iron.
Rungu – African bat from Somalia to South Africa; the one shown is Maasai.
Runka – [vedi “corsesca”]
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera S
You know – Arnesi derived from a callows, used in martial arts.
Saif – Arab saber with typical knob in the shape of a pointed crown.
Salapa – Indian Sword; The pommel is equipped externally with a strip of metal perpendicular to the handle, to protect the arm.
Sang – Sinhalese ceremonial spear.
Sapakana – Bat of Guaiana.
Sasumata – A Japanese gallows with thorny rebbi. In the Togukawa period the police used the Hobaku jutsu technique to catch the thugs with three different tools (Mitsu-dogu, the triple equipment) formed by Sasumata, Sode Garumi (long rod weapon with terminal part nailed and equipped on top of hooks to grab the clothes) and Tsuko bo).
SATINATURA: From French satiner, a type of processing of the blade that gives it a shiny and polished appearance, like a silk fabric, obtained by calendering.
Sbulah (or Sboula) – Moroccan knife with jambiyan handle but with straight blade and single cut.
Schiavona – Wide and heavy blade sword usually two-wire with typical caged supply. Horse weapon in use in Rep. Elijah Cummings (D-N.Y.) from 1500 onwards.
Schliger – The sword used by German students for the duel; it has a rudimentary guard and is sharp only at the tip.
Saber – A single-wire bladed sword with convex curvature on the side of the wire, more or less accentuated. It is distinguished from the sword because it is not intended to hit a certain point as one would do with an axe, but to strike with a movement that leads the blade wire to slide on the target. In the sabre of Eastern Europe, the blade widens inthe last third (jelman). It was mainly used by horses. The guard is sometimes elaborated with branches and caps.
Scimitar – Very curved eastern sabre. [vedi “shamshir”]
Scite – [vedi “falcione”]
Scorpio – Atypical roncone derived from alabarda and typically Italian. The name is modern.
Scramasax (or Sax) – Knife of the Franks perhaps of Celtic origin; in use among the Germanic populations from the 5th to the 10th century. Swords with the same shape are called SAx or Long Sax.
SCRIMSHAW: Technique of engraving on all types of ivory, but also on synthetic, black and white or color materials. Craftsmen use tools of various sizes and measurements, however, always very pointed. The colors used are ink, tempera or oil.
Dark – Weapon (and tool) much used throughout the Middle Ages. The axe is smaller than the axe and is quite different from the tool; it remained in use for the man of arms until 1700 in the wars against the Turks. [vedi anche “accetta”]
Dark arms – Fighting axes with blade and pen opposite it.
Seiva – Indonesian knife.
Sekin – Sumatran knife with a blade of about 25 cm slightly curved.
Seed – Double-wire sword of the Maasai, about fifty cm long. Called the “sword of lions.”
Sergentina – A small alabarda decorated with precious metals, used by officers in 1700-1800.
SERRAMANIC (COLTELLO/PUGNALE): A knife in which the handle also performs the task of being a sheath. Definition that identifies in particular those knives/daggers in which the blade rotates around its axis of 180 degrees.
SERRATED: Term that refers to the saw teeth present on a blade.
Sewar – [vedi “siwah”]
Shaken – [vedi “shuriken”]
Shakujo Yari – Japanese animated stick species containing a spear.
Shamshir – Eastern scimitar, originally Persians; very curved, blade at a wire of about 80 cm.
Shashqa – The national sabre of the Circassi. Typical handle.
Shoka – Tanganika tribe fighting axe.
Shotel – Double-wire Abyssinian Sword; it seems that the curvature served to strike by circumventing the shield.
Shuko – Martial arts arnese to be fixed on the wrist for climbing or defense.
Shuriken (or Shaken) – Japanese throwing weapons of two types, bo-shuriken (see) in the shape of a blade or elongated stylus and shaken weapons made from an iron plate. The star-shaped ones are called hira shuriken. The shapes are currently the most disparate.
Sica – Roman dagger with a sharp and curved blade used by the Jewish sect called Sicari.
Silepe – Basuto Axe.
SILICE (GEL OF): Silica (silicic dioxide or silicon dioxide) in the form of a gel is used, in special cases or for precautionary purposes, as a hygroscopic substance for the absorption of atmospheric moisture. The gel is placed in the drawers of the cutlery to protect natural materials, especially, from the damage of the surrounding wet environment. The property of igroscopicity is the property of absorbing (as in the case of silica gel) the water vapor present in the atmosphere.
Siraui – Rare Sumatran dagger.
Siwa (or Sewar) – Similar to the Tumbuk Lada from which it stands out for the sheath.
Siwalapa – A wooden sledgehammer of Surinam.
Skean dhu – A small dagger that after 1746 (prohibition of carrying personal weapons) the Scots carried with the kilt, tucking it into the stocking of the right leg.
SKINNER (KNIFE): A term that translates and applies to “skin knife.”
Sode Garumi – Weapon “catch thieves”; see Sasumata.
Sosun draw – Indian sword similar to a yatagan.
Bastard Sword – [vedi “spadona da una mano e mezza”]
Horse sword (i.e. for man on horseback) – Similar to the sword on the side, but heavier and more balanced in the center with reduced guard since the rider’s hand was already protected.
Execution sword – Sword similar to the two-handed sword with blade of the same width, but with a different and shorter shape and a blunt tip; it often has three holes called “blood drippers”. The blade is engraved with scenes of torture, gallows or religious.
Swords – Rather short and sturdy with good hand defense.
Sword of stocco – Sword with blade usually triangular and strong rib to the middle, suitable to strike of stock.
Sword of marra – With rounded tip for teaching in fencing academies.
Sword from the side – Sharp and flexible blade sword, mainly intended to be used as a tip and equipped with an elaborate guard; typical weapon of the fencer and the dueling.
Viking Sword – Typical cushion edmour with a pyramidal mountain on it.
Spadino – Small sword used by civilians and officers in gala dress; from the late 1600s onwards.
Spadona – A generic sword term to be used with one hand but with a longer blade longer and wider than usual.
Swords from a hand and a half – Sword longer than the ordinary and for which it may be necessary to use two hands. It is 130-140 cm long and was used for the clash on foot in closed field. Also called a bastard sword.
Two-handed sword – Large sword with parallel wire blade and tip. He appeared in 1400 to fight against alabards and spades by truncating his rod. Much used by the Swiss and German infantry who carried it on his shoulder. In the following centuries also with a bilingual blade.
Spatha – Sword of the Roman cavalry at the time of Diocletian, longer than gladio. Later used also in late Roman times by the invading peoples.
Wild boar hunting skewer – Robust weapon in leafy or triangle iron rod; it has a transverse iron stop, at the base of the blade to prevent the animal from railing too deeply and coming to approach the hunter. An Italian model was called a scallotard.
Spuntone – Weapon in auction of different shapes in 1300 and 1400; in the following centuries it takes the form of partisan pike.
Steigerhacke – Ceremonial weapon of German and Swedish miners from 1500 to 1700. [vedi anche “accetta”]
Style (and Stiletto) – Small manesque weapon with straight blade and acutississma with triangular or square section. Sometimes in one piece with the hilt and the handle. Stiletto if small.
Stocco – One-and-a-half-handed sword with a sez triangle-shaped blade. turbot intended to hit the top (1400-1500).
Stocchetto – Sword from the small side from which the sword came (1600).
Blessed Stocco – Precious sword gift with silver and gold provisions given to principles defending Christianity. From the Middle Ages to the 1800s.
Sumpitan – The Deer Turf of Borneo.
Crooked – White weapon manesca from foot of the late 1400s.
STREET (SURVIVAL KNIFE): Term that translates into “urban survival knife” and that includes a whole small series of daggers easily concealed, light but on occasion, if well used, particularly effective, deterrent and lethal. Police, bodyguards and civilians living in high-risk urban areas use these knives as an auxiliary weapon.
In simple knives, the handle can consist of a single piece with a ventral groove for the housing of the blade and the two cheeks next to the arch and supported by the support tiles.
Knives/daggers with “ghiera”, “rebound”, “brocca”, “guide”, in which the blade rotates 180 degrees around its axis and do not have particularly evolved stop systems.
Pump knives/daggers, with “internal spring”, “external spring”, “snap”, “gravity” in which the blade rotates 180 ° around its axis and have more sophisticated and advanced blade stop systems than simple handle locks.
Surai – Mahratta Sword curved only in the last third of its length.
On Yari – Japanese spear with straight two-wire iron, like sword.
SWITCHBLADE (KNIFE): A term that translates to “serramanic knife” with an automatic press opening system, for inertia or gravity.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera T
Tachi – Japanese sword that precedes the katana as a one-wire sword. The main distinction, since the length was more or less the same, is the way to carry them (frame, token; the taki hangs from the belt with two laces connected with special bindings (kawasaki) on the sheath and with the wire down; it was used with armor the katana it is tucked into the belt with the wire upwards.
TAKE: Lateral-apical portion of blade that lasts from the cutting angle to the wire (excluded thread), formed by the meeting of the two top and side blade dishes.
Taiaha – New Zealand stick launcher about 150 cm long. The tip is flat and decorated.
Takouba – Sword of the Tuareg
Talibon – Fighting Sword of the Philippines.
Talwar – Category of Indian sabres.
Tanto – Japanese dagger with blade up to 30 cm and small guard.
Tau-kien – Heavy and long Chinese sword with triangular or square blade, small disc guard, used for duel training.
Tebutje – Light mace and sword of the Gilbert Islands thickly coated with dogfish teeth.
Tegha – Indian saber similar to Talwar.
Telek (or Talik) – Tuareg dagger with a cross handle. The leather scabbard is equipped with a bracelet that allows it to be fixed to the left wrist with the tip facing the elbow, held by the pressure of the fingers. It can so easily slip out and be wielded.
TOUGHNESS: Although the concept of toughness is not at all simple, and it cannot be given a precise definition, there should also be no doubt that it expresses not only a resistant state of materials or a solely ductile state, but a state in which a high ductility is also accompanied by good resistance, elasticity and resilience. A very ductile steel (for example extra mild annealed steel) is not very tenacious, and on the other hand a hardened hard steel, therefore with a very high breaking load but with very low ductility and resilience, is far from tenacious. Toughness is not exactly the opposite of fragility; its measure is the coefficient of quality along with the rupture load and resilience.
Teppo Yumi – Japanese light crossbow used for fun or hunting small animals.
Tessen – Japanese fan with steel slats. These fans in two forms, or the Uchiwa, ceremonial, which was not opened and was used by the officers and the tessen or tetsu-ten (tetsu – steel) with some of the steel splints; was effective for parrying blows and as a truncheon.
Tortoise – Siege machine to approach the base of the walls in a protected way; sometimes protects a battering ram.
Tewhatewha – New Zealand bat.
Thami – Siamese wooden crossbow.
TITANIO: Light, ductile, stainless metal. In alloy with iron is used for the preparation of special steels. Also used in knife shop.
Bintulo Toga – Sumatran weapon and tool; 70 cm in length.
Toko – Fiji’s wooden fighting bat.
Tomahawk – Red-skinfighting axe; originally of stone with wooden handle, then iron and of various shape, after the arrival of the whites; it also lends itself to being launched.
Tombak – in Java it is a spear and in Mandurat it is a dagger.
Tonfa – The tonfa is a martial arts tool apparently born among Okinawafarmers and inspired by the handle of the sickle (or according to others to an arnese seed plant). It consists of a wooden stick of 45-60 cm with a side handle. It is used both to parry blows and slashes to the forearm and to strike by rotating it around the handle.
Tongia – Small axe with semi-circular blade of central India.
Torment – Genre of ancient war machines based on the force released by the twisting of bundles of animal or plant fibers. The distinction between ballistas, catapults, onagers, etc., is not well defined for the Greco-Roman era.
Siege Tower – Siege machine to bring the assailants securely to the level of the walls.
Trabucco – Siege machine that threw large stones; it consisted of a long arm with a counterweight at one end and a slingbag at the other end that functioned like a large slingshot. A guy called Biffa had articulated counterweights, which made the shooting quicker.
TERM REFER: Combining more or less rapid heating and cooling cycles to give a solid-state metal or metal alloy the most suitable crystal structure to have certain characteristics of hardness, toughness, Machinability.
Triboli – Four-pointed nails used since the time of the Romans on the ships.
Trident – Weapon in rod with three-pronged iron, of various shapes and sizes depending on the countries and times.
Tsuku-bo – [vedi “sodegarami”]
Tuba – Moro’s knife with a sharp blade in the straight part and handle that forms an accentuated angle, sometimes almost upright, with the blade.
Tumbuck lada – Sumatran straight blade dagger.
Turup – Type of Katar with arms connected by a chain or metal strip.
Glossary on cutting tools and weapons – Letter U
Umabari – Species of kogai used in certain parts of Japan to sting horses.
U’U – A typical mace of the Marquesas Islands with a very long handle, over one meter, that widens in the head of the finely carved mace in the shape of a human head.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera V
Vedong – Indonesian Knife
Veretrum – Small Roman javelin.
Vinchu – Maharatta dagger with double scissor blade.
Vouge – Auction weapon also called the Breach Knife from which the Kouse or Vouge French is believed to have been derived.
Glossario sugli strumenti e le armi da taglio – Lettera W
Wahaika – Clava Maori (30-60 cm) made of wood or bone.
Wakizashi – The shortest of the two sabres (daisho) brought by the samurai. [vedi anche “katana”]
Watilikri – Australian Boomerang which, reportedly, if it hits with the convex part continues to rotate and hits the body even with the pointed part.
Wedong – Ceremonial knife from Java.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera X
Xiphos – Greek sword since Homerian times. [vedi anche “gladio”]
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera Y
Yari – Generic name of the Japanese auction weapon that takes various forms. [vedi anche “Magari Yari”]
Yatagan – The typical Turkish sabre, which then spread throughout North Africa from 1500 onwards. Blade of 50-80 cm slightly curved to a single wire in the concave side. the form of a handle shown below is often found. If you guard the weapon is not Turkish. He was carried with a fabric belt and is more of a knife than a saber. The Balkan one has a curved back than the Turkish one.
Yeamberrn – Australian club also used as a jet weapon.
Yoroi toshi – Japanese dagger 24-30 cm long. used to drill armor.
Yumi Yari – Spear iron made so that you can tuck it onto the wood of the Japanese bow so you can use it as a spear.
Glossario armi da taglio e strumenti – Lettera Z
Zafar takieh – Said fachiro hanger; It is a short animated stick with a hanger-shaped handle to lean into the sitting or kneeling position. But Stone refers to it, in a more refined version, also as “of victory” on which the Indian princes leaned when they gave an audience.
Zaghnal – Knife-shaped war axe.
Zaire – Zaire axe knives.
Zirah bouk – Persian dagger with thicker tip used for drilling armor. The name means in fact breaks through lying.
ZYTEL: Very hard and durable polyamide used in the construction of the internal structure of some grips.
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